Hyksos and Egyptians An ancient population that conquered and dominated Egypt between the eighteenth and sixteenth centuries BCE. 2 The Hyksos took control over Egypt with a massive army made up … The impact of the Hyksos on ancient Egypt is even more astounding considering the fact that this dynasty did not last for very long. The third-century B.C.E. They captured the first Hyksos town they encountered and headed on to the Hyksos capital, Arvaris. The End of The Hyksos in Egypt . Their occupation was later described as a highly traumatic event for the Egyptian people but it is not clear whether this was the view of contemporary Egyptians who lived under their control. Asian invaders who dominated Egypt about 1730 to 1560 BC Josephus, a historian of the I st century AD, has preserved the passages where Manetho mentions the invasion of the Hyksos. The Hyksos are well known from ancient texts, and their expulsion was recorded in later ancient Egyptian historical narratives. Around 1575 B.C.E., the god Amon delivered Egypt. A sense of nationalism enabled Egyptians, who had learned well from their invaders, to expel the Hyksos and move beyond the Sinai, beginning an Imperial Age that only began to wan after the death of Ramses II. But this influx of foreigners did not correspond with the beginning of the Hyksos period in the mid 17th century B.C.E., it was instead a constant trickle that went as far back as 4,000 years ago. Power slipped from the pharaohs of Egypt in the late Middle Kingdom, during the Thirteenth Dynasty (1786-1633 bce), when they were conquered in a relatively easy victory by the Hikau-Khoswet people. BC.) J. and remained in power until … From Avaris the Hyksos 15th dynasty ruled most of Lower Egypt and the Nile valley as far south as Cusae (near present-day Asyūṭ). The name Hikau-Khoswet originated from the… Hyksos definition Hyksos is the name given by the Egyptian historian Manetho ( III e s. The contemporaneous 16th-dynasty rulers—minor Hyksos kings who ruled in Upper Egypt simultaneously with those of the 15th dynasty—were probably vassals of the latter group. Egypt Recovers and Launches the Imperial Age After Expelling the Hyksos. Although Manetho claims that the Hyksos ruled over Egypt for almost 200 years, modern scholarship suggest that their rule in Egypt lasted just over a century. Popular lore suggests the Hyksos, a mysterious group of foreign invaders, conquered the Nile Delta around 1638 B.C. In fact, when the Hyksos were ruling Lower Egypt, that is the Nile Delta region, the amount of locally-born individuals increased. . the Hyksos did not arrive in Egypt as conquerors but as peaceful immigrants who first established themselves as kinglets in the Eastern Delta, and then (2) Cf. Säve-Söderbergh, JEA 37 (1951) 56, 60; 63 . At that time, Egypt was divided into two major regions, Lower Egypt, which was North Egypt, and Upper Egypt which was South Egypt. We do not know how the Hyksos came to power, but the weaker thirteenth family was not able to prevent this matter, as the national family moved their capital from Itt Tawi in the north to Thebes, "modern Luxor", in Upper Egypt, far from the sphere of influence of the Hyksos. The Hyksos appear to have established themselves in Lower Egypt where they ruled from the city of Avaris for about two hundred years. The Hyksos conquered the Nile Delta and the rest of Egypt. The Hyksos was believed to be Asiatic people that conquered the east coast of the Nile Delta and founded the Second Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt and were evicted during the end of the Seventeenth Dynasty.. Their exact origins were not that clear, but they were thought to be a nomadic nation that could have come from Palestine and Syria. “The Hyksos … Van Seters, The Hyksos, a New Interpretation (New Haven & London 1966) 87ff.