This information needs to be integrated into automated remotely-sensed weather data to create more accurate real-time and automated seasonal and regional risk maps. Drosophila suzukii, or spotted wing Drosophila, recorded in Southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Entomological News, 123(1):71-75, Fuyama Y, 1979. Environmental Entomology, 42(5):1052-1060, Chabert S, Allemand R, Poyet M, Eslin P, Gibert P, 2012. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsurmura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a fruit pest new to North America Gary J. Steck,, Taxonomic Entomologist, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry Wayne Dixon, … First records of the potential pest species Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Europe. Susceptibility of Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) to entomophatogenic fungi. Instar stages can be estimated by the size of larvae and the colour of the mouthparts, but it is most accurately judged by pre-respiratory ducts (Kanzawa, 1935; Walsh et al., 2011). ], 80:29-34, Barmina O, Kopp A, 2007. [Distribution map]. 2011, Atallah et al. (Kirschessigfliege, neu in der Schweiz.) 70 (4), 225-230. DOI:10.1051/fruits/2015016, Burrack H J, Smith J P, Pfeiffer D G, Koeher G, Laforest J, 2012. Genome Announcements, 1(1):e00032-13, Thistlewood H, Shearer PW, Steenwyk Bvan, Walton V, Acheampong S, 2012. Systematic Biology, 51:786-805, Landolt PJ, Adams T, Rogg H, 2012. Infestation of wild fruit by Drosophila suzukii surrounding Maine wild blueberry fields. It will be important to explore the relationships between D. suzukii and D. subpulchrella using genome scale data. As part of this role, Australia has responded to the incursion of a new pest, spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii), in North America where it was confirmed attacking a range of fresh fruits in 2009. The life cycle from egg hatching to adult emergence ranges from about 9-10 days to 21-25 days at 25°C and 15°C, respectively (Kanzawa, 1939). and have potential as biocontrol agents of D. suzukii (Kanzawa, 1939). Journal of Applied Entomology, 136(1/2):139-147, Caprile J, Flint ML, Bolda MP, Grant JA, Steenwyk RVan, Haviland D, 2013. A polyphagous pest, it infests a wide range of fruit crops, included grape, as well as an increasing number of wild fruits. DOI:10.1007/s10340-016-0810-3, Lengyel G D, Orosz S, Kiss B, Lupták R, Kárpáti Z, 2015. (Plodova vinska musica - Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura).) New distribution records of the Drosophilids in the oriental region. San Giuliano Terme, Pisa, Italy: Felici Editore, Ros Gde, Anfora G, Grassi A, Ioriatti C, 2013. 2012). In California alone, the estimated decrease of the gross revenue due to D. suzukii infestation in the absence of management has been estimated at 37% for raspberry and 20% for processed strawberries (Goodhue et al., 2011). ©Dr Gevork Arakelian/Dept. New record for the invasive spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Anillaco, western Argentina. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. Insects and Mites. Spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Insecta: Diptera: Drosophilidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 119(1):146-150., Máca J, Rohácek J, Vilela CR, Brezíková M, 2015. The minimum, optimal and maximum intrinsic rate of natural increase was estimated at 13.4, 21.0 and 29.4°C by Tochen et al. SWD is a small fly (2 to 3 mm) with bright red eyes, a pale brown thorax, and an abdomen with black horizontal stripes. A recently extensive study on seasonal life cycles and food resources of D. suzukii from low to high altitudes in central Japan (Mitsui et al., 2010) confirmed that D. suzukii emerges almost only from fruits. 95-97. Drosophila suzukiiadults are small (3–4 mm) yellowish-brown flies with red eyes. Pest Management Science, 69(10):1173-1180., Burrack HJ, Smith JP, Pfeiffer DG, Koeher G, Laforest J, 2012. A New Pest Attacking Healthy Ripening Fruit in Oregon: Spotted Wing Drosophila, Drosophila Suzukii (Matsumura) Pest of Concern. 1. D. suzukii has been reared from rotting strawberry guava fruits (Psidium cattleianum) collected from trees and on the ground (Kido et al., 1996). Oecologia, 140(3):442-449, Kiss B, Lengyel G, Nagy Z, Kárpáti Z, 2013. Spotted Wing Drosophila (Fruit Fly) Pest Alert. Traps baited with apple cider vinegar (ACV) were initially used for crop risk assessment and treatment timing in IPM. Spotted wing Drosophila, Drosophila suzukii, is a major worldwide crop pest of various soft-skinned fruits (1). Drosophila suzukii. Drosophila suzukii on small fruits and cherry. Females are more likely to overwinter than males.D. Invasive fruit fly spans from California to Maine. Obst- und Weinbau, 149(4):8-12, Kenis M, Tonina L, Eschen R, Sluis Bvan der, Sancassani M, Mori N, Haye T, Helsen H, 2016. The damage caused by D. suzukii larvae renders the fruit unmarketable (Bolda et al., 2010). Males are always active, but females are passive. Cherry fruit fly, new in Switzerland. Trap colour had no effect on the selectivity towards other drosophlids (Lee et al., 2013). Significant adult D. suzukii mortality resulted from bioassays performed using formulated products of spinosyns, organophosphates and pyrethroids when directly applied on the insect (Bruck et al., 2011). 108. SWD is widespread throughout all the important production regions in the U.S., … Nets can help prevent damage, but we are also looking for other methods to help fruit growers in their fight against this exotic species. Environmental Entomology, 25(6):1279-1289, Kimura MT, 2004. First findings of Drosophila suzukii. Invasive fruit fly spans from California to Maine., Western Farm Press. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera; Drisophilidae) Spotted wing drosophila. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. indicus (Parshad and Paika, 1965). Kanzawa T, 1939. Oviposition scars and larval feeding depressions in cherry. New records and present status of the invasive spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera) in Hungary. Improved estimation of the seasonal phenology of D. suzukii has been obtained by adding wine and sugar to ACV (Grassi and Maistri, 2013). There are 3000 species of Drosophila, commonly known as vinegar flies, … Drosophila injury on cherry fruit. The occasional lack of wing black spots in teneral male D. suzukii could lead to misidentification with other closely related Drosophila species whose males do not have spots on the wing, including: D. ashburneri Tsacas, D. immacularis Okada, D. lucipennis Lin, D. mimetica Bock and Wheeler, D. oshimai Choo and Nakamura and D. unipectinata Duda. Biology and management of spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) in small fruits in the Pacific Northwest. Price JF, Nagle C, 2009. (FÖKO). Increasing the data size to accurately reconstruct the phylogenetic relationships between nine subgroups of the Drosophila melanogaster species group (Drosophilidae, Diptera). Distribution, abundance and host association of two parasitoid species attacking frugivorous drosophilid larvae in central Japan. D. suzukii host selection under field conditions may differ among species and among varieties within a species, and laboratory observations suggest that fruit firmness may be one driver of this selection (Burrack et al., 2013). EPPO Reporting Service. G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics, doi: 10.1534/g3.113.008185, Chung YJ, 1955. Studies to determine the current presence of indigenous parasitoid biological control agents and their efficacy in controlling D. suzukii were undertaken both in North America and in Europe by different research groups (Brown et al., 2011; Chabert et al., 2012; Rossi Stacconi et al., 2013). The following spring several records of maggots were found in cherries. Oriental Insects, No. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group 'Integrated Protection of Fruit Crops', Vico del Gargano, Italy, 12-17 September, 2010. (Un nouveau ravageur des fruits: Drosophila suzukii. Distribution of the spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii) in the north-eastern part of the Carpathian lowlands. First record of the invasive vinegar fly Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) from eastern Turkey. Phylogeny of a paradigm lineage: the Drosophila melanogaster species group (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Spotted-wing drosophila is often controlled by insecticides, which has led to insecticide resistance (Gress and Zalom 2019) and raised concerns about environm… A visual stimulus in the courtship of Drosophila suzukii. Spotted Wing Drosophila (SWD), is one of the few species of Drosophilidae known to be a pest of healthy, unripe fruit (Walsh et al. Grassi et al. Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche, 1:229-235, Prud'homme B, Gompel N, Rokas A, Kassner VA, Williamst M, Yeh SD, True JR, Carroll SB, 2006. Additionally, a synthetic chemical lure provided from a controlled release dispenser should remain an attractive bait for longer and would be more selective against non-target insects (Landolt et al. Paris, France: EPPO., EPPO, 2013. The invasive spotted-wing Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) has been found in the city of São Paulo (Brazil). NAPPO. Studies on Drosophila suzukii Mats. Pest Management Science, 67:1375-1385, Burrack HJ, Fernandez GE, Spivey T, Kraus DA, 2013. A review of the invasion of Drosophila suzukii in Europe and a draft research agenda for integrated pest management. Females oviposit after mating and repeat mating days later (Kanzawa, 1939). Contact for free printed copies. No reproductive behaviour was observed during laboratory experiments where D. suzukii was kept for the entire life cycle at temperatures below 10°C (Mitsui et al., 2010; Tochen et al., 2014)., NAPPO, 2011. Deprá M, Poppe J L, Schmitz H J, Toni D C de, Valente V L S, 2014. Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilida) Spotted wing drosophila female feeding on water droplet (E. Beers, December 2010) The spotted wing drosophila is an invasive pest from Asia, first discovered in California in 2008. The lifespan of overwintering adults is considerably longer than non-overwintering adults and many survive until next May or June (Kanzawa, 1939). Eggs are laid in ripening fruits and the number of eggs per fruit ranges from one to several, scattered over the fruit. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is a fruit fly first found in 2008 damaging fruit in many California counties. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 123, 150-156., Mann RS, Stelinski LL, 2011. (Drosophila suzukii: eine neue bedrohung fur den Europaischen obst- und weinbau - bericht uber eine internationale tagung in trient, 2, Dezember 2011.) D. suzukii rapidly spread into other 15 states in USA in 2011, an additional nine States in 2012 and a further two in 2013. Draft genome of the Wolbachia endosymbiont of Drosophila suzukii. IPPC, 2013. Florida Entomologist, 98(3):987-988., Lee JC, Bruck DJ, Curry H, Edwards D, Haviland DR, Steenwyk RAvan, Yorgey BM, 2011. Since 2008, D. suzukii has rapidly expanded its range to most of North They grow throughout three larval stages and when fully grown can reach 5.5 mm long and 0.8 mm wide. Recent laboratory observations recorded the development from egg to egg-laying female as ranging from about a week to 12-15 days at 21.1°C and at 18.3°C, respectively (Walsh et al., 2011). SWD is a temperate species so it is able to survive in much of the US. Research into the Fruit-fly Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Preliminary Report). of coldest month < 0°C, mean warmest month > 10°C), Continental climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Since the first reports of damage by Drosophila suzukii, the spotted-wing Drosophila (SWD), over a decade ago in Europe, widespread efforts have been made to understand both the ecology and the evolution of this insect pest, especially due to its phylogenetic proximity to one of the original model organisms, D. melanogaster. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 108(2):117-129., Lee JC, Shearer PW, Barrantes LD, Beers EH, Burrack HJ, Dalton DT, Dreves AJ, Gut LJ, Hamby KA, Haviland DR, Isaacs R, Nielsen AL, Richardson T, Rodriguez-Saona CR, Stanley CA, Walsh DB, Walton VM, Yee WL, Zalom FG, Denny Bruck JDJ, 2013. 89 (3), 735-748. DOI:10.1007/s10340-016-0755-6. Sugar solution can be prepared using approximately 1 part sugar to 6 parts water in order to reach at least 15°Brix. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): a pest species new to Belgium. Drosophila suzukii, a fruit fly, also known as spotted wing drosophila, is a highly polyphagous invasive pest endemic to South East Asia, which has recently invaded western countries. Monitoring and Surveillance (incl. Both Leptopilina parasitoids displayed high parasitism rates on D. suzukii, but because of the strong immune response of the host larvae, they did not give rise to an adult wasp (Chabert et al., 2012). The only natural enemy that did have an effect on the development of the Drosophila population was the parasitic wasp. First record of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in Ukraine indicates multiple sources of invasion. 49 (3), 97-99. Kiss B, Lengyel G, Nagy Z, Kárpáti Z, 2013. Pupae period lasts between 4 and 43 days. In Trentino, both first oviposition on wild hosts (Vaccinium, Fragaria and Rubus spp.) Protezione delle Colture. Drosophila Suzukii female with magnified ovipositor. [Distribution map]. The majority of drosophilids including the best known Drosophila melanogaster only breed on decaying fruits. Apart from the use of laboratory cultures for research purposes, no human uses of D. suzukii have been described. Journal of Pest Science, 87(3):379-383., Diepenbrock, L. M., McPhie, D. R., 2018. 1. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 61(1):73-80., Lethmayer C, 2011. DAFF. University of Maine, 2012. Infestations of the Spotted Wing Drosophila fly (Diptera: Drosophilidae; SWD), an exotic pest, were found in Oregon fruits. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Drosophila suzukii. D. suzukii, as a fruit-specialist species among drosophilid flies, performs seasonal migration between low altitudes, which can be resource-poor in the summer, and high altitudes, where it is thought to exploit further resources (Mitsui et al., 2010). D. suzukii adults also emerged from the flowers of Styrax japonicus (Mitsui et al., 2010), and in early spring in southern Japan it was also observed to breed on the flowers of Camellia japonica (Nishiharu, 1980). A catalogue of the family Drosophilidae in Taiwan (Diptera). This species is native to East Asia and has been rapidly spreading through Europe since 2008. Entomologia, 1:11-16, Rota-Stabelli O, Blaxter M, Anfora G, 2013. Mortality of flies exposed to cyazypyr was relatively low after 16 hours but caused intermediate mortality after 40 hours. 2012; Freda and Braverman, 2013). Fruit falls victim to a newly-arrived pest: Drosophila suzukii. Adam Bourne, Michelle T Fountain, Herman Wijnen, Bethan Shaw, Potential of the European earwig (Forficula auricularia) as a biocontrol agent of the soft and stone fruit pest Drosophila suzukii, Pest Management Science, 10.1002/ps.5459, 75, 12, (3340-3345), (2019). Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Amur amelopsis), Diospyros virginiana (persimmon (common)), Elaeagnus multiflora (cherry silverberry), Prunus japonica (Japanese bush cherry tree), Prunus persica var. Unlike most other vinegar flies that require damaged fruit to attack, SWD causes damage when the female flies cut a slit and lay eggs in healthy fruit. In: Bulletin E3140, Japoshvili G, Dzneladze N, Kirkitadze G, Kiss B, Kaydan M B, 2018. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin [Proceedings of the IOBC/WPRS Working Group "Integrated Plant Protection in Fruit Crops, Subgroup Soft Fruits", Budapest, Hungary, 20-23 September 2010. Journal International des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin, 46(2):145-147, Saguez J, Lasnier J, Vincent C, 2013. Pesticidi i Fitomedicina. Drosophila suzukii has subsequently been confirmed as present in Canada (British Columbia) (NAPPO 2010a) and the USA (California, Florida, Oregon and Washington) (NAPPO 2010b) … Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Although considered native to East Asia, it is possible that D. suzukii is not native to Japan but was introduced into the country at the turn of the century. The invasive spotted-wing Drosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) has been found in the city of São Paulo (Brazil). Spotted Wing Drosophila—Drosophila suzukii . Their evolutionary capacity to increase cold tolerance seems to be limited (Kimura, 2004). D. suzukii gathers on fruit that have dropped onto the ground and are spoiled or fermented. Click to download a PDF version of this publication. Genome Biology and Evolution, 5(4):745-757, Ostojic I, Zovko M, Petrovic D, 2014. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available., Cha DH, Hesler SP, Cowles RS, Vogt H, Loeb GM, Landolt PJ, 2013. 192 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<311ACCD61E08D44A82FA16D765452465>]/Index[155 68]/Info 154 0 R/Length 149/Prev 655778/Root 156 0 R/Size 223/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Journal of Integrated Pest Management. 29-34., Ballman E S, Drummond F A, 2017., EPPO, 2012. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. The first records of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in the South American continent. Iriomote-jima Islands (DAFF, 2013), The central northern regions and the highlands, Aguascalientes, Baja California, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacán, Estado de México and Veracruz, Protected agriculture (e.g. (Susceptibilidad de Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) a hongos entomopatógenos.). Drosophila suzukii is an invasive fruit fly in The Netherlands, that is increasingly common in Europe and can cause major damage in fruit production. Females can also pose problems with identification. Overview Origin Drosophila suzukii is an invasive and economically important pest of many soft-skinned fruits such as blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, cherries, and other fruits. Moreover, the efficacy of the current available insecticides against D. suzukii larvae within fruits is limited, and D. suzukii control is focused on treatments based on chemicals targeting adults (Cini et al., 2012). Include in email: 1) Pest Alert name, 2) number of packs desired (only available in packs of 50) and, 3) the date they will be needed. PQR database. EPPO Reporting Service. In such cases, a final determination should be made by a taxonomist, based on the relative size of spermatheca compared to the size of the ovipositor (Hauser, 2011). Effect of mesh size on Drosophila suzukii adults passing through the mesh. EPPO Alert List. Phytosanitary Alert System: First report of Drosophila suzukii in Canada. 222 0 obj <>stream These costs are only associated with management techniques and do not take into consideration market loss or losses associated with altered processing practices, or downgrading of fruit. Later, it was confirmed present in Europe where it was also attacking a range of fresh fruits. Drosophila suzukii new to North America. The spotted wing Drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is native to China, Japan, Korea, and Thailand. Annals of Agrarian Science. Credit: Michelle Bui, UC San Diego 165-170. The D. suzukii genome is comparable in size and repeat content to other Drosophila species., Cha DH, Adams T, Rogg H, Landolt PJ, 2012. Paris, France: EPPO., Folmer O, Black M, Hoeh W, Lutz R, Vrijenhoek R, 1994. Key words: spotted wing drosophila, cherry fruit fly, invasive species, berry fruit, insect control. Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a fruit fly from East Asia, is now a serious economic pest of soft fruits and berries across Europe, the Americas and North Africa. 61 (1), 73-80. In: ESA 59th Annual Meeting, 2011 November 13-16, Reno, Nevada, USA, Bruck DJ, Bolda M, Tanugoshi L, Klick J, Kleiber J, DeFrancesco J, Gerdeman B, Spitler H, 2011. Oregon Department of Agriculture (online). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 76(1):21-37, Seljak G, 2011. Drosophila Information Service, 88:6-7, Arnó J, Riudavets J, Gabarra R, 2012. D. suzukii is thought to be native of eastern and southeastern Asia, including China, Japan and Korea (Walsh et al., 2011), although little is known about its geographical origin. Grassi A, Pallaoro M, 2012. Identifying Drosophila suzukii. Paris, France: EPPO. h�bbd```b``��S�l{ɞ"����/�\�]"Y�����X�������O��3 �� Associations of yeasts with spotted-wing Drosophila (Drosophila suzukii; Diptera: Drosophilidae) in cherries and raspberries. 15th International Conference on Organic Fruit-Growing. Dalton DT, Walton VM, Shearer PW, Walsh DB, Caprile J, Isaacs R, 2011. (Drosophila suzukii su piccoli frutti e ciliegio.) The spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) - monitoring and first records in Poland. In: Ecofruit. It was first recorded as invasive in Hawaii in 1980 and then simultaneously in California and in Europe in 2008. Fruits (Paris). It attacks a range of soft skinned fruit and reduces crop yield and quality through direct feeding damage and secondary infection of … Lethmayer C, 2011. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105(4):1350-1357, Lee JC, Dreves AJ, Cave AM, Kawai S, Isaacs R, Miller JC, Timmeren Svan, Bruck DJ, 2015. Mating of new adults can happen any time of the day, but it can be observed more often during the day when the temperature is relatively high. Rome, Italy: FAO, Isaacs R, Hahn N, Tritten B, Garcia-Salazar C, 2010. D. suzukii is predisposed towards infesting and developing in undamaged, ripening fruit. 114 (3), 329-337. DOI:10.4289/0013-8797.114.3.329, Mandrin J F, Weydert C, Trottin-Caudal Y, 2010. The first records of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii in the South American continent. EPPO Global database. The spotted wing drosophila fly, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is a pest which caused serious crop losses to soft-skinned fruits such as cherries, strawberries, and grapes. Proceedings for the conference, Hohenheim, Germany, 20-22 February 2012. Journal fur Kulturpflanzen, 64:68-72, Walsh DB, Bolda MP, Goodhue RE, Dreves AJ, Lee J, Bruck DJ, Walton VM, O'Neal SD, Zalom FG, 2011. Florida, USA: University of Florida, 1-6, Mazzoni V, Anfora G, Virant-Doberlet M, 2013., Naranjo-Lázaro J M, Mellín-Rosas M A, González-Padilla V D, Sánchez-González J A, Moreno-Carrillo G, Arredondo-Bernal H C, 2014. Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales, 64(2):101-106., Maier CT, 2012. NPPO., The Netherlands: National Plant Protection Organization, Okada T, 1976. Collection of wild Drosophila on Quelpart Island, Korea. Gewasbescherming, 44(3):72-76., Ideo S, Watada M, Mitsui H, Kimura MT, 2008. Drosophila suzukii in Michigan vineyards, and the first report of Zaprionus indianus from this region. The antennae are short and stubby with branched arista. A polyphagous pest, it infests a wide range of fruit crops, included grape, as well as an increasing number of wild fruits. Map 766 (1st revisio. Developing a new bait for spotted-wing Drosophila in organic cherry production. It is now widespread in Coastal and Interior fruit growing areas of B.C. Experientia, 35:1327-1328, Gerdeman BS, Tanigoshi LK, 2011. Pest Management Science, 67:1386-1395, Bellamy DE, Sisterson MS, Walse SS, 2013., EPPO, 2014. Journal of Horticultural Research, 23(2):49-57., Amin Ud Din M, Mazhar K, Haque S, Ahmed M, 2005. 33 (1), 61-70. Infos-Ctifl, No.279:45-52, Wilson HE, Hamby KA, Zalom FG, 2013. First record of spotted wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) in Montenegro. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. Spotted-wing drosophila (SWD; Drosophila suzukii; Family: Drosophilidae) is a key pest that targets a wide variety of susceptible fruits including tree stone fruits (e.g., cherries) and berries (e.g., strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and blackberries). Cold and heat tolerance of drosophilid flies with reference to their latitudinal distributions. Fruit gets infested from early ripening until post-harvest. This species is included in the EPPO A2 List as recommended to be included amongst the species in phytosanitary quarantine. Ability of European parasitoids (Hymenoptera) to control a new invasive Asiatic pest, Drosophila suzukii. Consequently there are neither official limits on the movement of host crops from infested areas, nor coordinated actions for monitoring its presence in new areas., EPPO, 2019. Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is a fruit fly first found in 2008 damaging fruit in many California counties.It infests ripening cherries throughout the state and ripening raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, and strawberry crops, especially in coastal areas. Journal of Applied Entomology, 138(7):519-527., Tochen S, Dalton DT, Wiman NG, Hamm C, Shearer PW, Walton VM, 2014. Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae): a pest species new to Belgium. Biology and management of spotted wing drosophila on small and stone fruits. Drosophila suzukii, or spotted wing Drosophila, recorded in Southeastern Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Entomological News. To overcome deficiencies in cold tolerance, it is possible that D. suzukii may be behaviorally adapted to overwinter in man-made protected habitats (Kimura, 2004; Dalton et al., 2011).

drosophila suzukii pest

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