[Applause continues] Like anybody, I would like to live a long life—longevity has its place. Through the speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”, Martin Luther King Jr. wants to give hope to the audience. And to be sure that all of the bags were checked, and to be sure that nothing would be wrong on the plane, we had to check out everything carefully. (That's right, Speak) [Applause], Now not only that, we've got to strengthen black institutions. I've Been to the Mountaintop I'm a little late getting to this today, but I wanted to post MLK's "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech, the one he gave the evening before his death. And then they can move on downtown and tell Mayor Loeb to do what is right. (Yes) Somehow the preacher must be an Amos, who said, "When God Speaks, who can but prophesy?" Here, you can read a short presentation of our analysis of “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” by Martin Luther King. But I'm not concerned about that now. I just want to do God's will. Jesus ended up saying this was the good man, this was the great man because he had the capacity to project the "I" into the "thou," and to be concerned about his brother. And in spite of its magnificence, I wouldn't stop there. Somewhere the preacher must have a kind of fire shut up in his bones (Yes), and whenever injustice is around he must tell it. And I looked at that letter and I'll never forget it. (All right) [Applause] Now I'm just happy that God has allowed me to live in this period, to see what is unfolding. We begin the process of building a greater economic base, and at the same time, we are putting pressure where it really hurts. (Yes) Again with Amos, "Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream." [Applause] You have six or seven black insurance companies here in the city of Memphis. For when people get caught up with that which is right and they are willing to sacrifice for it, there is no stopping point short of victory. They allowed me to read some of the mail that came in, and from all over the states and the world kind letters came in. A Call to Conscience: The Landmark Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. I've Been to the Mountaintop: Metaphive Metaphors (and Other Figures of Speech) Quiz. At this point in his ministry, he had broadened his mission, speaking out not only for racial justice but also for greater And I’ve looked over. And let us move on in these powerful days, these days of challenge, to make America what it ought to be. (Yeah) We had known water. During this time, racism was a growing problem that was creating uproars through hate crimes, and violent protests. If I had sneezed (Yes), I wouldn't have been around here in 1962, when Negroes in Albany, Georgia, decided to straighten their backs up. The only type of videos I'm actually somewhat almost "ok" at making ft. watermarks Well, I don't know what will happen now; we've got some difficult days ahead. © Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305. (Yes sir) He got down from his beast, decided not to be compassionate by proxy. But I'm not concerned about that now. the first two metaphors by seeing the nation not just by its problems, but by I just want to do God’s will, and He’s allowed me to go up to the mountain. King was assassinated in Memphis on April 4th, 1968. King noted that the first question that the Levite and the Priest asked was, But I wouldn't stop there. This speech is important in that it continues to outline King�s hope We are masters in our nonviolent movement in disarming police forces. But I wouldn't stop there. (Yeah) At other times we would speculate that there was a religious law that one who was engaged in religious ceremonials was not to touch a human body twenty-four hours before the ceremony. Now if you are not prepared to do that, we do have an agenda that we must follow. (Yeah) [Applause], Now we're going to march again, and we've got to march again (Yeah), in order to put the issue where it is supposed to be (Yeah) [Applause] and force everybody to see that there are thirteen hundred of God's children here suffering (That's right), sometimes going hungry, going through dark and dreary nights wondering how this thing is going to come out. I'm delighted to see each of you here tonight in spite of a storm warning. Other articles where I’ve Been to the Mountaintop is discussed: assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.: The Mountaintop Speech: On April 3 King was back in Memphis, where the city government had sought an injunction to prevent him from leading another march. [Applause] It's all right to talk about streets flowing with milk and honey, but God has commanded us to be concerned about the slums down here and His children who can't eat three square meals a day. I would take my mental flight by Egypt (Yeah), and I would watch God's children in their magnificent trek from the dark dungeons of Egypt through, or rather, across the Red Sea, through the wilderness, on toward the Promised Land. (Yeah) We've got to stay together and maintain unity. I believe the speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” given By Dr. Martin Luther King is a great example of Ethos, Logos, and Pathos, verbal and non verbal communication. We don't have to curse and go around acting bad with our words. [Applause], Now that's a strange statement to make because the world is all messed up. “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered this speech in support of the striking sanitation workers at Mason Temple in Memphis, TN on April 3, 1968 — the day before he was assassinated. Now let me say as I move to my conclusion that we've got to give ourselves to this struggle until the end. Did you know that? God in Christ headquarters in Memphis. [Applause], MLKEC, INP, Martin Luther King, Jr. Estate Collection, In Private Hands, NYC-4A & 4B, Cypress Hall D, 466 Via Ortega, Stanford, CA 94305-4146 (Go ahead) It really doesn't matter what happens now. And they were telling me. He's been to jail for struggling; he's been kicked out of Vanderbilt University for this struggling; but he's still going on, fighting for the rights of his people. [Applause] Now we've got to keep attention on that. And I've looked over. For more information on Martin Luther King Jr. The departure of his flight from Atlanta that morning had been … For more information on Martin Luther King Jr. Click Here, For more information on Rhetoric Click Here, As with the first paper, I chose Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther (Yeah), I would even go by the way that the man for whom I'm named had his habitat, and I would watch Martin Luther as he tacks his ninety-five theses on the door at the church of Wittenberg. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1-The Sick Nation Metaphor 2- The Jericho Road Metaphor 3-The Mountaintop/Promised Land Metaphor The Mountaintop/Promised Land Metaphor Metaphors Conclusion "Like anybody, I would like to live - a long life; longevity has its place. We are saying that we are determined to be men. [Applause] Reverend Ralph Jackson, Billy Kyles; I could just go right on down the list, but time will not permit. At points he wanted to trick Jesus (That's right), and show him that he knew a little more than Jesus knew and throw him off base. And I don't mind. It was a dark Saturday afternoon. Here's the first part: But I wouldn't stop there. And I don't mind. You know, what's beautiful to me is to see all of these ministers of the Gospel. Martin Luther King Jr. gave one of the best known, yet mostly unheard speeches in American history, his “Mountaintop” speech. [Applause] We are choosing these companies because they haven't been fair in their hiring policies, and we are choosing them because they can begin the process of saying they are going to support the needs and the rights of these men who are on strike. Get in-depth analysis of I've Been to the Mountaintop, with this section on Symbols, Motifs, and Rhetorical Devices. Now, you know, we use our imagination a great deal to try to determine why the priest and the Levite didn't stop. But I wouldn't stop there. [Applause] But whenever the slaves get together, something happens in Pharaoh's court, and he cannot hold the slaves in slavery. (Yeah) [Applause] We mean business now and we are determined to gain our rightful place in God's world. I was rushed to Harlem Hospital. If I had sneezed, I wouldn't have been in Memphis to see a community rally around those brothers and sisters who are suffering. Longevity has its place. And I want to say tonight [Applause], I want to say tonight that I, too, am happy that I didn't sneeze. (Right) The issue is injustice. We've got to see it through. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I've Been To The Mountain Top” speech is more of a promise from him to the African-Americans and all other people who were facing racial prejudice at the time that they will and they need to overcome these inequalities by joining forces with each other. That's the issue. (Yeah) [Applause] And I don't mind. I’ve Been to the Mountaintop MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. It means that we've got to stay together. Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord. (Yeah) We are saying [Applause], we are saying that we are God's children. We have an injunction and we're going into court tomorrow morning (Go ahead) to fight this illegal, unconstitutional injunction. The most powerful and relevant of King’s metaphors, this metaphor reveals King’s hope for the nation to become the promised land. [Applause] And I'm always happy to see a relevant ministry. (Yeah) [Applause] And that's all this whole thing is about. And our agenda calls for withdrawing economic support from you." I just want to do God's will. [Applause]. King uses three main metaphors together to construct a whole picture of But now no longer can they just talk about it. [Applause] And so just as I say we aren't going to let any dogs or water hoses turn us around, we aren't going to let any injunction turn us around. Because I’ve been to the mountaintop. (Yeah) [Applause] Go by and tell them not to buy Sealtest milk. By the hundreds we would move out, and Bull Connor would tell them to send the dogs forth, and they did come. "I've Been to the Mountaintop" is the popular name of the last speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. King spoke on April 3, 1968, at the Mason Temple (Church of God in Christ Headquarters) in Memphis, Tennessee.On the following day, King was assassinated. Longevity has its place. Judge Hooks and others will tell you that we have an account here in the savings and loan association from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Survival demands that we grapple with them. King delivered the speech the … (Go ahead) I may not get there with you. And I'm simply writing you to say that I'm so happy that you didn't sneeze." (Yeah, All right) Something is happening in Memphis, something is happening in our world. It also serves to promote King as a Moses type figure. She said, "While it should not matter, I would like to mention that I'm a white girl. He spoke on April 3, 1968 at the Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee, a day before his assassination. And I was looking down writing and I said, "Yes.". You may not be on strike (Yeah), but either we go up together or we go down together. It is very important to notice the style, imagery and structure he uses throughout the speech in particular the way he ends his speech, by leaving the audience at the climax. I just want to do God's will. Note that this is not a comprehensive list and you are encouraged to look for other examples in … And I'm happy that he's allowed me to be in Memphis. Now the other thing we'll have to do is this: always anchor our external direct action with the power of economic withdrawal. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. And I don’t mind. (Yeah) [Applause], We don't have to argue with anybody. contains within it a discourse for action by way of the example of �The Good But I'm not concerned about that now. And they did, and we would just go on in the paddy wagon singing, "We Shall Overcome." If I had sneezed, I wouldn't have had a chance later that year, in August, to try to tell America about a dream that I had had. [Applause] (Go ahead, Go ahead) And so I'm happy tonight; I'm not worried about anything; I'm not fearing any man. You start out in Jerusalem, which is about twelve hundred miles, or rather, twelve hundred feet above sea level. I still cringe at the thought of losing a student in the Hanley community. He knew a kind of physics that somehow didn't relate to the trans-physics that we knew about. (That's right) I remember when Mrs. King and I were first in Jerusalem. PowToons Speech Analysis: Colin Olesky, Božidar Miletić, Michael Weed. This metaphor describes the state of the nation as a dangerous place But it doesn’t matter with me now. If I had sneezed (Yes), I wouldn't have been around here in 1961, when we decided to take a ride for freedom and ended segregation in interstate travel. [Applause], And another reason I'm happy to live in this period is that we have been forced to a point where we are going to have to grapple with the problems that men have been trying to grapple with through history, but the demands didn't force them to do it. All we say to America is to be true to what you said on paper. (Yeah) And as I said to you the other night, Bull Connor didn't know history. (Yes) Who is it that is supposed to articulate the longings and aspirations of the people more than the preacher? But I want to thank all of them, and I want you to thank them because so often preachers aren't concerned about anything but themselves. Secondly, let us keep the issues where they are. (Oh yeah) And so the first question that the priest asked, the first question that the Levite asked was, "If I stop to help this man, what will happen to me?" [Applause] If I lived in China or even Russia, or any totalitarian country, maybe I could understand some of these illegal injunctions. Take out your insurance there. It's possible that those men were afraid. (Go ahead) But I want you to know tonight (Yes), that we, as a people, will get to the Promised Land. Thank you very kindly, my friends. (Yes) Somewhere I read (Yes) that the greatness of America is the right to protest for right. But we just went before the dogs singing, "Ain't gonna let nobody turn me around." Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. King�s metaphoric use is powerfully demonstrated Longevity has its place. (Amen), And I want to thank God, once more, for allowing me to be here with you. (Yes). (Yeah) And he talked about a certain man who fell among thieves. The Mountaintop/Promised Land Metaphor. We need all of you. And that blade had gone through, and the X rays revealed that the tip of the blade was on the edge of my aorta, the main artery. (Yes) I'm so happy that I didn't sneeze. If it means leaving work, if it means leaving school, be there. Not, "If I stop to help the sanitation workers, what will happen to all of the hours that I usually spend in my office every day and every week as a pastor?" And I read that if you had sneezed, you would have died. But I'm not concerned about that now. Nov. 21, 2020. (Yes) Now about injunctions. But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. The nation is sick, trouble is in the land, confusion all around. (That's right) That's always the problem with a little violence. Reflection on MLK’s “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” This year at Hanley Elementary a kindergartener was hit by a car while she was walking home from school. (Yeah) And every now and then we'd get in jail, and we'd see the jailers looking through the windows being moved by our prayers (Yes) and being moved by our words and our songs. Never stop and forget that collectively, that means all of us together, collectively we are richer than all the nations in the world, with the exception of nine. [Applause] Be concerned about your brother. Finally, a man of another race came by. throughout his speech and serves as road maps for his audience to understand speeches are often remembered for their powerful language and his metaphor This speech, was giving on April 3, 1968 at the Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee, This was Martin Luther Kings last public appearance … The most powerful and relevant of King�s metaphors, this metaphor They don't know what to do. And once that's punctured you're drowned in your own blood, that's the end of you. In what follows, we will examine the topic of the speech – the Memphis sanitation strike and the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement—and look at the way the speaker discusses these topics by linking … But I know, somehow, that only when it is dark enough can you see the stars. But somewhere I read of the freedom of assembly. (That's right, Yeah) I call upon you to take your money out of the banks downtown and deposit your money in Tri-State Bank. “We’ve got some difficult days ahead,” Martin Luther King, Jr., told an overflowing crowd in Memphis, Tennessee, on 3 April 1968, where the city’s sanitation workers were striking. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. I just want to do God's will. [Applause] Let us develop a kind of dangerous unselfishness. [Applause], And so, as a result of this, we are asking you tonight (Amen) to go out and tell your neighbors not to buy Coca-Cola in Memphis. Now we are poor people, individually we are poor when you compare us with white society in America. And I've looked over. Because if I had sneezed (All right), I wouldn't have been around here in 1960 (Well), when students all over the South started sitting-in at lunch counters. (Yes) It's really conducive for ambushing. I read a few, but one of them I will never forget. Tell them not to buy Hart's bread. We aren't engaged in any negative protest and in any negative arguments with anybody. He kept the slaves fighting among themselves. We are telling you to follow what we're doing, put your money there. (Foss 300). And you know, it's possible that the priest and the Levite looked over that man on the ground and wondered if the robbers were still around. King Jr. delivered this speech on April 3. (All right) And every now and then we begin to wonder whether maybe they were not going down to Jerusalem, or down to Jericho, rather, to organize a Jericho Road Improvement Association. And I've seen the Promised Land. After you leave the United States, Soviet Russia, Great Britain, West Germany, France, and I could name the others, the American Negro collectively is richer than most nations of the world. (Amen) But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. Longevity has its place. It said simply, "Dear Dr. King: I am a ninth-grade student at the White Plains High School." (Go ahead) Or it's possible that they felt that the man on the ground was merely faking (Yeah), and he was acting like he had been robbed and hurt in order to seize them over there, lure them there for quick and easy seizure. There are three main metaphors that King uses: This metaphor is used to portray King�s disgust with the state of a And I've … (Yes), But there was another letter (All right) that came from a little girl, a young girl who was a student at the White Plains High School. "I've Been to the Mountaintop" Speech Analysis During the 1960s, the fight for racial equality began to really pick up speed. “But it really doesn’t matter with me now, because I’ve been to the mountaintop … I’ve seen the Promised Land. Championing a nonviolent movement for social equality, Martin Luther King, Jr., became the catalyst for monumental change. (Yeah) [Applause], I would even come up to the early thirties and see a man grappling with the problems of the bankruptcy of his nation, and come with an eloquent cry that "we have nothing to fear but fear itself." Samaritan.�, 3. And we'd just go on singing, "Over my head, I see freedom in the air." And while sitting there autographing books, a demented black woman came up. But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. And I don't mind. And wherever they are assembled today, whether they are in Johannesburg, South Africa; Nairobi, Kenya; Accra, Ghana; New York City; Atlanta, Georgia; Jackson, Mississippi; or Memphis, Tennessee, the cry is always the same: "We want to be free." If I had sneezed [Applause], if I had sneezed, I wouldn't have been here in 1963 (All right), when the black people of Birmingham, Alabama, aroused the conscience of this nation and brought into being the Civil Rights Bill. [Applause], We aren't going to let any mace stop us. [Laughter, applause] But that day is all over. Time 0:00: Score my Quiz: Win 0: Fail 0: Now we must kind of redistribute that pain. coincidental, but instead serve as "symbols to construct reality" [, American Prophet: Online Course Companion, Freedom's Ring: King's "I Have a Dream" Speech. As with the first paper, I chose Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther And I've looked over. And that was the fact that there was a certain kind of fire that no water could put out. Martin Luther King Jr. alluded to the parable of the Good Samaritan in his famous “I’ve been to the Mountaintop” speech, given on April 3, 1968 –t he day before he was assassinated, in Memphis, Tennessee. Start studying I've Been to the Mountaintop. In the spring of 1968, King traveled to Memphis to support the 1,300 striking sanitation workers protesting low wages and unfit working conditions. (Sure) You remember that a Levite (Sure) and a priest passed by on the other side; they didn't stop to help him. But I wouldn't stop there. But I’m not concerned about that now. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. But we knew water. Metaphor Criticism is a method of criticism that documents the (Yeah) [Applause] And then we would be thrown into paddy wagons, and sometimes we were stacked in there like sardines in a can. [Laughter] That's a possibility. usage. "I've Been To The Mountaintop", by Martin Luther King Jr.Outside Sources: In the biography of Martin Luther King Jr, by The Official Website of the Nobel Peace Prize, his life and accomplishments are outlined. And I knew that as they were sitting in, they were really standing up (Yes sir) for the best in the American dream and taking the whole nation back to those great wells of democracy, which were dug deep by the founding fathers in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. (Amen) Nothing would be more tragic than to stop at this point in Memphis. Good luck — the Stickman is counting on you! In "I've Been to the Mountaintop," King reiterates his belief that violence is inferior to nonviolence as a means of effecting change; that violence makes it easy for oppressors to discredit their victims; and that violence compromises human unity in a way that threatens our very existence. I just I call upon you to be with us when we go out Monday. We are poor. (All right), I would move on by Greece, and take my mind to Mount Olympus. But I'm not concerned about that now. It balances They didn't get around to that. We rented a car and drove from Jerusalem down to Jericho. That's the question before you tonight. Now we've got to go on in Memphis just like that. reveals King�s hope for the nation to become the promised land. (Oh yeah). (Yes sir) It came out in the New York Times the next morning that if I had merely sneezed, I would have died. You know what happened the other day, and the press dealt only with the window breaking. (All right) If we were Baptist or some other denominations, we had been immersed. (Yes sir) You know, several years ago I was in New York City autographing the first book that I had written. (Go ahead). (Yes) Go by the savings and loan association. It's all right to talk about long white robes over yonder, in all of its symbolism, but ultimately people want some suits and dresses and shoes to wear down here. What was that? It's a winding, meandering road. America as a nation whose severity in sickness is surpassed by its powerful Martin Luther King’s speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” combines all three modes of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos. This speech was given the day before King Jr. delivered this speech on April 3rd 1968 at the Church of You reveal that you are determined [Audience:] (Right) to go on anyhow. But he got down with him, administered first aid, and helped the man in need. [Applause] As Jesse Jackson has said, up to now only the garbage men have been feeling pain. But I wouldn't stop there. Somewhere I read (Yes) of the freedom of speech. “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” Dr. King’s Last Sermon Annotated By NIKITA STEWART APRIL 2, 2018 On April 3, 1968, the Rev. [Applause] Now these are some practical things that we can do. Think you’ve got your head wrapped around I've Been to the Mountaintop? potential for greatness. If we were Methodist or some others, we had been sprinkled. Did you ever think about that? But I'm not concerned about that now. (Yeah) And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. nation who is infected with a disease of racism. motivation for the action through the usage of metaphors (Foss 301). [Applause], Let us rise up tonight with a greater readiness. You know, whenever Pharaoh wanted to prolong the period of slavery in Egypt, he had a favorite, favorite formula of doing it. King�s And whenever men and women straighten their backs up, they are going somewhere, because a man can't ride your back unless it is bent. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. Blog. (Go ahead) And I've looked over (Yes sir), and I've seen the Promised Land. (Yeah) [Applause] And I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. One key principle to understand in metaphor criticism is that We have an annual income of more than thirty billion dollars a year, which is more than all of the exports of the United States and more than the national budget of Canada. And we've had the plane protected and guarded all night.". I read in the paper of your misfortune and of your suffering. But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. We are determined to be people. It is no longer a choice between violence and nonviolence in this world; it's nonviolence or nonexistence. At times we say they were busy going to a church meeting, an ecclesiastical gathering, and they had to get on down to Jerusalem so they wouldn't be late for their meeting. One day a man came to Jesus and he wanted to raise some questions about some vital matters of life. As I listened to Ralph Abernathy and his eloquent and generous introduction and then thought about myself, I wondered who he was talking about. metaphors "prescribe how to act" and give the audience the proper I'm not asking you something that we don't do ourselves in SCLC. In what follows, we will look at some of the most-used rhetorical devices in “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”, giving you examples from the speech. The next minute I felt something beating on my chest. [Applause] And what is the other bread company, Jesse? (Amen) It's a marvelous picture. (That's right) And we've got to say to the nation, we know how it's coming out. But Jesus immediately pulled that question from midair and placed it on a dangerous curve between Jerusalem and Jericho. “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” was the last speech delivered by Martin Luther King, Jr. (That's right) I read the articles. Martin Luther King Jr.�s �I�ve Been to the Mountaintop�. [Laughter] It's always good to have your closest friend and associate to say something good about you, and Ralph Abernathy is the best friend that I have in the world. (Yes) The question is not, "If I stop to help this man in need, what will happen to me?" [Applause] And when we have our march, you need to be there. (Yeah) [Applause] We want a "bank-in" movement in Memphis. for a country that would be free of prejudice. [Recording interrupted] Now that question could have easily ended up in a philosophical and theological debate. (All right). That's power right there, if we know how to pool it. Maybe I could understand the denial of certain basic First Amendment privileges, because they haven't committed themselves to that over there. (Yes) Somehow the preacher must say with Jesus, "The spirit of the Lord is upon me (Yes), because He hath anointed me (Yes), and He's anointed me to deal with the problems of the poor." But I’m not concerned about that now. (Yes) Men for years now have been talking about war and peace. Let us stand with a greater determination. When the slaves get together, that's the beginning of getting out of slavery. (Yes) [Applause]. They very seldom got around to mentioning the fact that 1,300 sanitation workers are on strike, and that Memphis is not being fair to them, and that Mayor Loeb is in dire need of a doctor. In this case, indirect references and direct references are the predominant language device used by the speaker, so you can find many examples in the speech. (Keep on), I would even come up to the day of the Renaissance and get a quick picture of all that the Renaissance did for the cultural and aesthetic life of man. [Applause continues] Like anybody, I would like to live a long life—longevity has its place. Before I knew it I had been stabbed by this demented woman. It also serves to promote King as a Moses type figure. And some began to say the threats, or talk about the threats that were out (Yeah), or what would happen to me from some of our sick white brothers. (Yeah) The masses of people are rising up. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. That's a strange statement. Menu. (That's right) And we've come by here to ask you to make the first item on your agenda fair treatment where God's children are concerned. (Yes) We just need to go around to these stores (Yes sir), and to these massive industries in our country (Amen), and say, "God sent us by here (All right) to say to you that you're not treating His children right.

hyperbole in i've been to the mountaintop

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