They like warm waters, neutral pH, and hard water. In a landmark definitive work on poeciliid fishes, Donn Rosen and Reeve Bailey (1959) noted the priority of Poecilia by Marcus Elieser Bloch and Johann Gottlob Schneider (1801) with regards to Mollienesia by Lesueur (1821), thereby relegating Mollienesia to the synonymy of Poecilia. Then, they’ll go off and do their own thing. Several rows of spots occur along the sides, back, and dorsal fin. A small group can easily raise ammonia and nitrate levels to unhealthy levels. Molly Fish are very versatile as they have the unique ability to live in both freshwater and saltwater if acclimated slowly. While there are several varieties out there, most have a similar shape and body style to the common molly. They typically inhabit slow-moving tropical rivers teeming with vegetation. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. But even though caring for them is straightforward, we always encourage owners to develop a strong knowledge base about this species. See more ideas about Molly fish, Aquarium fish, Fish tank. Sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. Since their introduction to the world of fishkeeping, mollies have been cross-bred a lot! In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. While most are found in rivers, they can also swim into brackish waters or even the open ocean for short periods!  Sailfin mollies introduced to California have caused a decline in populations of the federally protected and endangered desert pupfish (Cyprinodon macularius).. Once they get a bit bigger, move onto baby brine shrimp until they can consume standard foods. In addition to their nutritional benefits, live foods provide some much-needed stimulation during feeding time. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. It occurs when the water parameters are not stable. Exact water parameters may vary based on the species you get, but here are some good baselines that will work for most mollies. You should keep a group of at least four fish at the very least. This will more closely replicate their natural diet and allow for a longer lifespan. The caudal peduncle is broad and the caudal fin is large, rounded, and sometimes tipped with black. Millie is a passionate aquarist who caught the fishkeeping bug in high school and has been addicted ever since. A water filter and heater can help with controlling their environmental conditions so they can live a healthy life. After you introduce the fish to … Their dorsal fin is elongated and looks like the long fin on top of sailfish. Author Note: Some species of mollies are more susceptible to bad water conditions than others, leading to a much shorter lifespan. Balloon mollies are appropriately named for their bellies. Constipation is a problem that affects balloon mollies. Females are more likely to breed with the largest male. Some names for the sailfin molly in other languages include Breitflossenkärpfling (German), seilfinnemolly (Norwegian), zeilvinkarper (Dutch), leveäevämolli (Finnish), molinezja szerokopłetwa (Polish), bubuntis (Tagalog), and molliénésie á voilure or simply "molly voile" (French). Instead, they “shimmy” and wiggle in one place. The dorsal fins are the most distinctive character: Those of the sailfin molly have less than 15 fin rays, counting where the fin meets the back, whereas the Yucatan molly has 18-19 (intermediate numbers may indicate hybrids). Four to four and a half inches is the normal size range of a full-grown molly. Breeding : These are livebearers so it is fairly easy. They’re easy to care for and can adapt well to most standard tank setups. The front half of its body is a vibrant yellow, and the lower half is pure black. Breeding boxes keep the female contained while the fry slips down through the bottom. The molly fish is easy to breed and care for. White/silver sailfin molly Photo Credits: aquatic-village.com. Lifespan – How Long Will The Sailfin Molly Live? Sailfin Molly, Poecilia latipinna, is native to coastal lowlands from North Carolina to Vera Cruz, Mexico, but has been introduced to many countries with “adverse ecological impacts” reported. Males can harass females, but this behavior only gets worse if the conditions are right for breeding.While this behavior isn’t particularly violent, it can cause stress in females. Mollies will accept live or frozen bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp. Specific examples include: giant water bugs (Belostomatidae), largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana), snowy egret (Egretta thula), and raccoon (Procyon lotor). Wild mollies prefer to live in tropical water and can be found in streams and marshes from Texas to North Carolina to Central America. Not only that, but they breed a lot! These fish are small, only reaching 5 inches, and males have large dorsal fins, wild forms are gray with rows of dark spots. and the Description of Lecithobotrys sprenti n. sp. Choose a powerful filter that can hold a lot of biomedia. The addition of weekly algae wafers to their diet will help condition the fish. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, with a somewhat lyre-shaped caudal fin and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. Below, I discuss some of the ways you can prolong the lives of your molly fish. Otherwise, hybrids can be bred among themselves, or with a higher rate of success with their parent species. Sailfin molly, Breitflossenkärpfling (German), bubuntis (Tagalog), Molinezja szerokopletwa (Polish), molliénésie á voilure (French), and tabai (Hawaiian). Author Note: The only exception for tank size revolves around the sailfin molly. Author Note: The best way to avoid disease is to monitor water conditions. Male and female molly fish are pretty easy to differentiate. Molly fish mostly consume plant-based foods. Mexican sailfin molly: 4-6 inches. If kept in a healthy environment, a group of mollies will thrive and can live up to 5 years. Beyond those two issues, mollies can also suffer from common freshwater diseases. The habitat of mollies in the wild can vary quite a bit. You must feed your sailfin fish two to … Mollies are one of the most popular freshwater species in the aquarium trade. The body shape of this fish results in compacted organs. While they aren’t the longest-living freshwater species out there, there is some wiggle room depending on what species you get. The sailfin molly is found in freshwater habitats from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. Read the breeding guppies article for more information. While most names that contain a "sail" element refer to the present species, the German Segelkärpfling, the Latin velifera, and possibly others are used for the Yucatan molly. The gold doubloon molly is another frequently purchased species. Over time we’ll be adding more species-specific care guides to our site. Their name is derived from a previous scientific name – ‘Mollienisia’. A euryhaline species, the sailfin molly may be found in a variety of saline environments, tolerating salinities as high as 87 ppt and breeding in brackish waters. They often have a somewhat decreased lifespan, but not as much (in healthy fish) as the deformed "balloon" molly breeds of P. sphenops. 7. The maximum reported size of the sailfin molly is 12.5 cm (Robins & Ray 1986), although most specimens collected in the IRL are less than 6 cm (Klassen 1998). Sailfin Molly is a cute fish, doesn’t demand any special care. The lyretail molly has a beautiful tailfin. Learn more. You can feed the fry infusoria or powdered fish food. Plus, they can develop algae for your mollies to snack on. Oh yeah, we also list the most common types of mollies for you to consider as well. However, the top and bottom have lengthy rays to create a forked appearance. For simplicity, dry commercial flakes and pellets are a good food source to consider as well. The Molly fish (Scientific Name: Poecilia or more relevantly Poecilia sphenops) come in a large variety of shapes & colors and are rated as one of the most popular aquarium fishes. Final Environmental Impact Statement, Wetland Assessment for the F- and H-Area Groundwater Remediation Project at the Savannah River Site (March 2004), Life History of Saccocoelioides pearsoni n. sp. Do you have a pregnant molly? Author Note: The only time you might see aggression is if you keep males. These fish will group up to explore the tank and swim around as one unit. Wide at the mid-section, the body tapers down to a narrow point at the snout. The Dalmatian Molly has a black and white body, and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly or Marbled Sailfin Molly. However, Lesueur described other collections of the sailfin molly as Mollienesia multilineata in 1821, the same year in which he described M. latipinna. The head is small and dorsally flattened, with a small, upturned mouth. As a result, you can find a wide range of colors and species to enjoy. (2006). Adult Size: 4 inches. Adding a little aquarium salt will help reproduction. Sailfin mollies feed primarily upon algae and other plant materials, although they will consume a number of aquatic invertebrates, including the larvae of mosquitoes. That tank size recommendation is suitable enough for up to four mollies, although a larger tank is always appreciated if you have some extra space. I'm finding anything from 1-5 yrs to 8yrs. The males will court the females before she allows them to fertilize the eggs. However, many seasoned aquarists enjoy them too! The average molly fish lifespan is around three to five years. (See: Sexual selection), It is a smaller fish than the Yucatan molly (P. velifera), though that species often does not grow to full length if bred in an aquarium. When she’s about to give birth, place her in a breeding box. A tank of at least 30 gallons should be provided Best when fed small meals frequently. The sailfin molly was originally described in 1821 as Mollienesia latipinna by the naturalist Charles Alexandre Lesueur, who based his description upon specimens from freshwater ponds in the vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. An even larger group is better if possible! Often sold for a few bucks each, they’re the perfect species for beginners. Impact of Introduction: The Sailfin Molly is responsible for the decline of the desert pupfish Cyprinodon macularius. At one year of age, males typically range in size from 0.5 to 3 in (13 to 76 mm) SL, while mature females are likely to be 0.5 to 2.5 in (13 to 64 mm) inch SL. The sailfin mollie is arguably one of the most exotic fish available of any genus. If a male spreads his dorsal fins in a display, in this species it forms a trapezoid, with the posterior edge being shortest. These include molly disease and constipation. Look for nutritionally balanced products from well-respected brands! Feeding Silfin Mollies Sailfin Molly fish prefer vegetation to any other type of food but like the occasional mosquito larva. If you want to maximize the survival rate of the fry, it’s best to breed mollies in a controlled environment. Sailfin molly. Here are some solid tank mates choices for the molly fish: Molly fish will also get along with most freshwater aquarium shrimp and snails quite well too. As long as the other tank mates are peaceful, mollies won’t have any problems living with them. The Golden Sailfin Molly is a peaceful and flexible fish species that originates from coastal areas of North America. According to the Flordia Museum of Natural History, male sailfin mollies do not live more than a year after reaching sexual maturity. There is no real set life expectancy for them. Mollies don’t display any parental instincts, and most will attempt to eat the babies. Jul 1, 2017 - Explore Tonya Perry's board "And Mollies" on Pinterest. They are great … With the exception of the Endler’s livebearer and the guppy, every fish in this genus is a molly! It's going to depend on the care they get and the health of the fish you bought. In mature males, the dorsal fin is greatly enlarged (it is this feature that gives the species its common name) and the caudal fin is similarly colourful; these conspicuous secondary sexual features play a role in female mate choices. Mollies spend most of their time in the middle and upper parts of the water column. While your goal should be to always provide the best care possible, it’s recommended to understand details about the specific species you own. The pelvic fins originate at a point anterior to the dorsal fin. Contrary to the belief of some, you don’t need salt in the water to keep these fish healthy. Size- 4- 5.5 inches Breeding- 10-40 young after approx. Sailfin mollies produce broods of 10-140 live young, depending on maturity and size, and females may store sperm long after the demise of their relatively short-lived mates. Common varieties can be found for $2-$4 per fish, though rarer species cost more. Like the sailfin, different colors of balloon mollies are available. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Temperament / Behavior : Peaceful. Enjoyable and stress-free fishkeeping is as good as it gets. Some confusion occurs with the Yucatan molly, P. velifera. At the bottom of your tank, add sand or gravel substrate. They inhabit fresh, brackish, salt, and coastal waters from North Carolina to Texas and the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. The body of the sailfin molly is essentially oblong. Mollies do very well with natural decor that mimics the tropical rivers they inhabit in the wild. Healthy adult mollies can give birth to as many as 100 babies at one time! Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. They are generally found in brackish environments including coastal marshes, streams, swamps and ponds. Mollies were first introduced to the hobby in 1899 and different varieties started appearing in 1920s. Before long, your female will start to balloon in size when pregnant. Although Sailfin mollies are classed as herbivores, they will accept a treat of blood worms. Common Name- The Giant Sailfin Molly Water Conditions- Good filtration, 73-80 temp, pH 7.5- 8.5 Water Changes of a least 50% a week Behavior- A well behaved community species. Most molly fish can live happily in a tank size as small as 10 gallons. Fertilization is internal, and is accomplished by means of highly modified fin elements within the anal fin of males that form a structure known as the gonopodium. The females from this species are larger and heavier than the males. The anal fin of the female is broad and fanned. These fish are known for their low-maintenance care requirements and wide selection of possible species to choose from. The latter originally refers to melanistic breeds of Poecilia sphenops. These are one of the most beginner-friendly freshwater fish out there. Silvery scales and mesmerizing long fins distinguish the white/silver sailfin molly. Using the substrate as an anchor, add several live plants (mollies use these plants for shelter). This will help you keep them happy, healthy, and save you time in the long run. These fish are livebearers. With the disease, the molly fish is unable to swim properly. Additional internal or external sponge filters are great, too. As such, they are prey for various animals, including aquatic insects, other fishes, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. Its shape, color, and large sail-like dorsal fins on the males make it difficult to distinguish from the Sailfin Molly, but the Mexical Sailfin Molly's fins differ slightly, having small … The Sailfin Molly has a long, tall dorsal fin that runs almost the entire length of the fish’s back. Healthy mollies can spawn new fry several times throughout their lives. Like any other fish, mollies can suffer from disease. However, the dorsal fin is much taller and stretches to the base of the tailfin. The Dalmatian Lyretail Molly is a hybrid color variation of Poecilia latipinna, the Sailfin Molly. Size and Lifespan Mollies will live for between 3 and 5 years and can grow to 5". The good news is that most fish heal up quickly once conditions are fixed. The quality of care you provide will also impact their lifespan significantly. Their staple diet should consist of vegetable matter, quality flake or pellets. It’s a good idea to try and implement it into your fish’s diet every once in a while. There’s no doubt that you’ve seen a molly fish (Poecilia sphenops) at some point. OSUM 36837 Xiphophorus variatus Sailfin varieties can get even bigger. The sailfin molly (Poecilia latipinna) is a species of fish of the genus Poecilia. You can find them using their lips to scrape it off rocks, wood, and glass. The molly fish breeding process is extremely interesting and fun for those who are interested. You’ll learn about their tank setup, food, lifespan, and even breeding tips! Naturally occurring populations control mosquito populations by feeding on the larvae and pupae of these pests. Molly fish care is really a piece of cake. That said, there are differences in life expectancy between the various molly fish breeds, however, on average, molly fish live 3-5 years. To increase their life expectancy they should be in a slight brackish environment. For a larger group, you need to bump up the tank size by at least three gallons of volume per fish. Peaceful by nature, the molly is great for freshwater community tanks. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. Molly disease, also known as the “shimmies” is something to be aware of. Sailfin mollies are a big change from the other varieties. They don’t require a lot of work to keep healthy, making them a great choice for anyone interested in getting started with fishkeeping. Females te… Life expectancy can be maximized with proper care. If you’re looking for something a bit less popular, you’ll probably have to do a little digging (since they might not be at your local fish store). Sailfin mollies are members of the lower end of the food chain. The sailfin molly is a tolerant species, as it can exploit the thin film of oxygen-rich surface water with its upturned mouth, so is able to survive oxygen-depleted habitats. Various Poecilia fishes have some differences in their morphological characters, they’ve got used to different life conditions. They typically reach sexual maturity within a year. This length is rather manageable, and allows them to be kept in reasonably small aquariums. The average molly fish lifespan ranges between three and five years. Sailfin mollies are most commonly observed at the shallow surface waters along the edges of marshes, lowland streams, ponds, swamps, estuaries and even ephemeral water bodies such as roadside ditches. Author Note: You’ll encounter a spectrum of interesting-looking mollies in the aquarium trade. Eating too much or too fast could result in potentially dangerous constipation, so you must stay on top of their eating habits. The sailfin molly is also commonly sold in aquarium stores under the name "molly".  The maximum recorded size for this species is 150 mm (5.9 in) TL.. You can find sailfin varieties in many colors (including black). These fish have a flattened body with a triangular-shaped head. When you arrange the plants, position them along the perimeter of the aquarium so that there’s still open swimming space. It’s also important to change 25 to 35 percent of the water weekly to ensure that ammonia and nitrate levels don’t rise. Beyond algae, these fish enjoy blanched vegetables like lettuce, spinach, and zucchini. The last one, Mexican Sailfin Molly (P.velifera) is my rarer species which you will hardly find. As long as you follow the following established care guidelines, your mollies should thrive! The gestation period for this species is about three to four weeks, depending upon temperature, and a single female may give birth on multiple occasions throughout the year. As you can guess, these mollies are covered in black! The French terms are used for both species indiscriminately. They should not be stocked with fish that nip at the fins of other fish. Rarely mollies live longer and grow bigger. You might see some splashes of yellow or orange on the fins, but most of the body is pure black. The sailfin molly, in its many color varieties, is of considerable interest and value to aquarists, and many artificially selected varieties are produced and sold in pet shops. To breed molly fish, start by setting up a 15-30 gallon tank for them that includes decorations, a substrate, and freshwater plants. in California (U.S. Although sex ratios of the broods are balanced, adult populations tend to be largely female, as males appear to suffer higher rates of mortality due to a greater susceptibility to predators and disease as a consequence of their brighter colours and a life devoted to frenzied breeding. Community Fish Diet: Flake, Frozen, Freeze-dried Maximum size: 3" Water temperature: 72-82° F Swimming level: Middle Experience level: Beginner Tank Setup: 10+ gallons, moderately planted LIFE HISTORY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY Age, Size, Lifespan: The maximum age and lifespan of P. latipinna is unknown, and growth varies with food availability, environmental conditions and other factors. Sailfin Mollies are peaceful fish that are incredibly easy to care for. Very popular in fish stores, the Dalmation molly is covered with a base color of white. Caring of sailfish is easy in a way that you provide them with food which contains a large proportion of algae, also provides them with flakes of brine shrimp. What do Mollies look like? Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. No parental care is exhibited by this species. Mollies have the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium. Females tend to be larger and more plainly colored, a different characteristic to the Poeciliidae. Place the pair in the breeding tank and watch the mating ritual! Specks of black adorn the body, making it look like a Dalmation dog. Then, purchase male and female molly fish so you have no more than 2 fish per 10 gallons of tank space. Not big The male Sailfin Molly fish life expectancy are about one year and the female’s approximately 3 years. Sailfin mollies are small fish. The occasional high-protein snack is appreciated, too. You really have plenty of options! On the other end, the body tapers slightly towards the base of the fan-shaped tail. They are perhaps the best example of how poor habitat and care shortens the lifespan of aquarium fish. Even when not pregnant, the belly takes on a round and bulbous shape. While hardy, mollies are prone to disease from a poorly maintained environment just the same. As a whole, mollies are very adaptable. Molly fish care is something that pretty much anyone can do. Life Span : 3 - 5 years. Many females also have a visible “gravid” spot, which is where they hold their young during pregnancy. III. The size of adult males is directly correlated with population density. Author Note: Generally, sand substrates are best if you want plants. They can experience Ich, bacterial infections, flukes, and parasites. Sailfin Mollies have especially sensitive fins compared to the Short-Finned Molly. Above, a young mature male Silver Lyretail Molly swimming fast to eat a pellet of premium food. In 1959, the ICZN placed precedence on the name Mollienesia latipinna Lesueur 1821. These fish get slightly bigger than your average molly, meaning they will need a bigger tank to prevent stress.For sailfin varieties, aim for a tank size of 30 gallons or bigger. It’s good to provide taller plants like Anubias as well as shorter varieties like Java fern. Avoid any fish that’s known to exhibit aggressive behavior. These freshwater fish have a wide natural distribution. Often, these spots blend together, forming stripes. The greater the population, the smaller the average size of males. Many aquarists notice the disease with extreme temperature changes or ammonia spikes. The natural lifespan of sailfin mollies is short, particularly in the case of the males, which may live less than a year after achieving sexual maturity. Mollies get along with just about anything! These fish are part of the Poecilia genus. This species is listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. Mollies aren’t picky about lighting levels, but you do need lights to keep the plants healthy. The first one is Sailfin Molly (Poecilia latipinna) which is the most common and widely available type of mine.. Larger fish could bully or even try to eat your molly. Standard lighting is fine. Create a separate breeding tank with slightly warmer temperatures up to 78 degrees Fahrenheit. Males are usually smaller and have a pointy anal fin. Not long, sadly (especially so for the males). They won’t spend too much time down near the substrate. It’s rare that you will come across a fish store that doesn’t sell mollies – they are one of the most popular freshwater fish. They’re found in tanks…, The 15 Best Types Of Freshwater Aquarium Catfish, Clown Loach Care: Tank Size, Food, Lifespan, Tank Mates…, Malaysian Trumpet Snail 101: Detailed Info & Care Tips, Bucktooth Tetra 101: Care, Feeding, Aggression, & More, Glowlight Tetra 101: Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More, Lemon Tetra Care: Diet, Tank Mates, Size, Behavior…. Make sure the females outnumber the males to keep this behavior to a minimum. The Mexican Sailfin Molly is also known as the Giant Sailfin Molly and the Yucatan Molly. Also, try to keep similarly-sized fish. Dalmation mollies can be standard, lyretail, balloon, or sailfin! They do just fine living in pure freshwater environments their entire lives. The male molly is more aggressive than the females. It features the same fanned shape as other mollies. They will often reach lengths that are closer to five or six inches. Those items will provide some additional shelter. The second one, Short-Finned Molly(P.sphenops) is my other species.