How hard to think that so few men could devastate so many. Leonidas (dc480 BC) king of Sparta from 491 BC. His father was Diadromes (Διαδρόμης). When you think of ancient Greece, you might imagine bearded philosophers drinking wine under Acropolis, speaking wise words about politics, science and the universe. Medievalism, Classical Reception, Battlefields, and Cigars. Held pass at Thermopylae for 3 days with 300 Spartans and 700 Thespians against the Persian army. It’s mind-boggling and I hope to explore it more in the future. Leonidas and his followers all died. For forty-eight hours, the defenders of Thermopylae held out, defeating not just the poorly trained levies sent to … 2014. The Battle of Thermopylae is a great example of self-denial and selflessness, and so it stayed in history. In the process, these valiant Greek warriors inflicted heavy casualties upon the Persian forces before succumbing to attrition. The Spartans died at Thermopylae because they were not allowed to retreat. Leonidas (dc480 BC) king of Sparta from 491 BC. The battle took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium. Leonidas, his 300 Spartan soldiers, and 6,000-7,000 Greek soldiers guarded the coastal pass of Thermopylae. Today, the famous Kolonos Hill sports the modern recreation of the Go Tell the Spartans epitaph. They distinguished themselves by remaining to fight and die with honor and courage along with the remaining Spartan heroes so that the rest of the Greek warriors could withdraw safely. Read More. He and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand and all were killed. The Spartan and Thespian last stand has been immortalized in the works of Herodotus and glorified in the 1962 movie 'The 300 Spartans' starring Richard Egan, along with many other mediums consisting of artwork, … The Romans knew him as Cupid. Unveiled in 1997, it depicts Eros, the oldest of the gods. In Greek mythology, this area was known for its cavernous entrance to Hades. That atttitude was ingrained in their upbringing and character. It stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which runs eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes. I was told by an archaeologist at Thermopylae, that Leonidas actually died on "Day 1" of the last stand when he was at the front line, and that his men dragged his body back up the hill where they tried to "defend his body". The Greeks, who had against all odds managed to overcome their perennial struggles and had accepted Spartan leaders… King Leonidas and the 300 Spartans have become synonymous with bravery and self-sacrifice, consequently, so should Demophilus and the 700 Thespians. And it is interesting that future generations of Thespians would also be killed in major battles between the Athenians and the Boiotians. It was fought over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Even more, 700 Thespians were all the fighting force of their hometown (later destroyed by the Persians), they were mostly peasants and artisants, they would not be disgraced by retreating, and they had not a prophesy to weigh on them. A nearby stone slab explains the missing head represents the anonymous sacrifice of the Thespians, the chest is bravery, the open wing is the spirit of freedom, and the broken wing is voluntary sacrifice. Yes, three-hundred Spartans do get all the credit for heroically standing against the Persian army, and people think that was all the Greek forces who didn't withdraw. Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) French painter. The Thespians came from the ancient Greek city of Thespiae, in Boeotia. Yet few remember them. But there were also 700 Thespians, led by General Demophilos. The 300 graphic novel does depict them briefly defending the goat path, but this was not where the Thespians fell, at least not according to any of the ancient accounts. The Persian invasion was a delayed response to the defeat of the first Persian invasi… Monument at Thermopylae commemorating the 700 Thespians - Image courtesy of Vasilis Linidis, Boeotian hoplites as illustrated by Angus McBride from Nicholas Sekunda's 'The Ancient Greeks', The final day at Thermopylae as illustrated by Peter Connolly from 'Greece & Rome at War', The final battle of the 700 Thespians - Image courtesy of Vasilis Linidis. ('Or with your shield or on it') in their rear. I’ve been collecting theories on what Leonidas was trying to accomplish at Thermopylae. ( CC BY SA 3.0 ) Encirclement and the End Memorial monument to King of Sparta Leonidas, the 300 Spartan and the 700 Thespians who fought at the Battle of Thermopylae - Buy this … After careful preparations, the Persian king Xerxes decided to attack the Yaunâ (Greeks) in the summer of 480. Demophilus and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand, all were killed. Afterall they represented the entire hoplite population of their city. Probably not. The crescent in their shields is the emblem of the goddes Artemis (Latin: Diana). It was this reputation that preceded the elite 300 Spartan warriors before they arrived at Thermopylae and which together with their heroic self-sacrifice in 480 B.C. Leonidas died well before the last Greek at Thermopylae and those still alive fought the Persians over his body, recouping it on several attacks. His father was the Diadromes (Διαδρόμης).Demophilus and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand: all were killed. Leonidas gave the order and they had to obey or suffer humiliation. Aristotle, thank you! The Games were dedicated to Zeus and war was forbidden when they were held. So the Spartans also stayed of their own free will. In addition to the Spartiates, several other Greek city-states sent troops to Thermopylae to defend against Xerxes' army. He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. The Thespians died by their own free will. Thespians Demophilus (Greek: Δημόφιλος Demophilos), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). Thespian Monument at Thermopylae. Herodotus tells us that after two days of fighting, Leonidas learned that the Persians were aware of a goat path that led to his army’s rear (7.222). The "Final Problem" at Thermopylae Evans, J A S Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies; Winter 1964; 5, 4; ProQuest pg. Heute ist der Durchgang durch Versandung mehrere Kilometer breit. Remains of what was probably the ancient citadel are still to be seen, consisting of an oblong or oval line of fortification, solidly and regularly built. September 2014. It pitted a small force of mainland Greeks against the huge Persian army in the narrow confines of a coastal pass. Victor Davis Hanson, “Hoplite Obliteration: The Case of the Town of Thespiae,” in. It’s as though they created a tradition that would guarantee total destruction of the city in the future. We tragically know nothing else about him. Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. Actually the Thespians were from Thespiae. 1,100 soldiers from Boeotian League, under the command of a Thespian (someone from Thespiae) commander decided to stay with the Spartans in an attempt to allow the other 3,000ish Greeks to retreat. The Thespians, though, do have monument at the battlefield. The Thespians, in my opinion, might have stayed back along with the Spartans as part of a greater plan which failed dramatically. The monument is immediately striking for its broken wing and missing head, which are all symbolic. Thermopylae (Greek Θερμοπύλαι; "Hot Gates"): small pass in Greece, site of several battles, of which the Spartan defeat against the Persian invaders in 480 is the most famous. 2 min read . Spartans cannot retreat. I’m not an expert, but it’s my understanding that only the relatively well off could afford hoplite gear. While the Spartan-led Greeks lost at Thermopylae, their decision to stand together against enormous odds strengthened an otherwise shaky coalition. Did you mean to say thaey represented all the Thespians sent to Thermopylae? Under the statue a sign reads "In memory of the seven hundred Thespians". dramatic, theatrical, pertaining to the theater; pertaining to Thespis (father of Greek tragedy) English contemporary dictionary. 8.50). Were all 700 Thespians still alive by the third day? Thermopylae (480 BC) was the first land battle of the second Persian War. Thespiae was a Greek city and a member of the Boeotian League along with Thebes and Plataea. The monument in memory of the 700 Thespian . In Memory of the 700 Thespians at Thermopylae, 8 Books for the Military History Undergrad, Book Review: Hannibal: A Hellenistic Life, Rethinking War Monuments, Ancient and Modern, Some estimates have this at the whole fighting-age male population. Thermopylae (Thermopiles) is world famous for the battle where 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas, made their famous stand against the Persian invaders in August 480 BC. In Greek mythology, this area was known for its cavernous entrance to Hades. I suppose Frank Miller wanted a smoother climax with just Leonidas and his Spartans fighting to the last man, as opposed to Leonidas, his Spartans, the willful Thespians, and the unwilling Thebans. n დრამატული მსახიობები. picture of the monument in memory of the 700 Thespian fallen in the battle of Thermopylae . an || 'Î¸espÉªÉ™n n. dramatic actor (after Thespis, father of Greek tragedy) adj. Leonidas did not have to “force” the Spartans to stay and fight. The Thespians credit more praise for their sacrifice. The gantlet at Thermopylae had punished the Persians. Who knows of that battle? Foto of The 700 Thespians phalanx at the Thermopylae battle for Fans of Ancient Greece. And the delay of battle also achieved what Leonides had hoped it would. Download this stock image: Thermopylae, Greece. It was on the third and final day of the Battle of Thermopylae that the remnants of the Thespian contingent, while not the equivalent of the Spartans in training, armor, weaponry and tactics, fought and died alongside the remaining Spartiates to the bitter end. Leonidas at Thermopylae' (1814). Much to their surprise, they faced approximately 6,000 ho… Therefore, the Thespians should be held with the highest esteem as the Spartan fallen. military king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. The Thespians at Thermopylae, by Norman Cameron, 1905-1953. I’ve read several articles about the voluntary, sacrificial nature of the fighting-age male population of Thespiae. Demophilus (Greek: Δημόφιλος Demophilos), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). In 1997, a second monument was officially unveiled by the Greek government, dedicated to the 700 Thespians who fought with the Spartans. Thermopylae is the prototype of many a last stand, from Roncesvalles to the Alamo to Isandlhwana to Bastogne. Thermopylae; Thespians; Xerxes; Related posts. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. 23/ago/2014 - Monument to the 700 Thespians who died at Thermopylae. The Thespians also worshipped the Muses, and celebrated a festival in their honor in the sacred grove on Mount Helicon. Ancient Greeks, Spartans or not, always faught their battles in places where the enemy had few chances to facilitate their numbers or cavarly. Learn how your comment data is processed. However, 700 Thespians stood along side the Spartans and also met their deaths in that hopeless situation at Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Battle of Thermopylae : Story, Photos - Thespiae Thespiae (Greek Θεσπιαι, Thespiai) was an ancient Greek city in Boeotia. I have not studied it at all. Ancient Greek History The Top 10 ancient Greek philosophers. The main source for the battle of 480 is Herodotus, Histories, 7.201-233, which is offered … Leonidas gathered other greek troops along the way to Thermopylae, including the Martineans (500), Tegeans (500), Arcadians (1,120), Corinthians … Demophilus or Demophilos (Greek: Δημόφιλος), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. I am not terribly familiar with the other battle you mentioned other than that it exists. These 5,000 Greek soldiers have been brutally trained since the age of seven for this. Die Thermopylen (altgriechisch Θερμοπύλαι Thermopylai, lateinisch Thermopylae) waren eine Engstelle zwischen dem Meer und dem Kallidromosgebirge in Mittelgriechenland (auch Trachinische Felsen) mit hohem strategischem Wert in der Antike, da sie den einzigen Weg von der Küste am Malischen Golf nach Innergriechenland darstellen. became part of the Spartan legend. Re the 400 Thebans, it’s true the oligarchic ruling class aligned the city with the Persians, but the relatively small number (for Thebes) of 400 may have been Hellenic patriots who did not agree with their city’s choice. Xerxes had learned how high the price of victory would be, if he could pay it at all. The military precision and supremacy of the Spartan phalanx, combined with the tenacity of each Spartan warrior which had been instilled since their youth, made Sparta the preeminent warrior state in ancient Greece. We do know that at least two Spartans had left the battlefield for different reasons (7.229-232). Nearly 600 years after the battle, the Greek geographer Pausanias (c. 175 AD) described how the Thespians worshiped Eros first above all other gods and they still had images of him throughout the city (9.27.1-4). Held pass at Thermopylae for 3 days with 300 Spartans and 700 Thespians against the Persian army. Leonidas and his followers all died. Battle of Thermopylae: Triumph and Tragedy By Patricia DePalma Over 100,000 Persian warriors stand ready at the western end of Thermopylae, but King Leonidas and his Greek warriors are not the slightest bit intimidated by their chances. The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between an alliance of Greek city-states, led by King Leonidas I of Sparta, and the Achaemenid Empire of Xerxes I. The tragedy for the town didn’t stop there, as the Persians razed it to the ground after the Thebans convinced the Persians that Thespiae would never join their cause (Hdt. When Leonidas arrived at Thermopylae, he had a Greek army totaling over 7,000 (according to modern historians), including Arcadians, Mycenaeans, Corinthians, Phocians, Thebans, and others. This website is dedicated to King Leonidas, the 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians and other Greek warriors who fought to the death during the Battle of Thermopylae (Hot Gates) in August, 480 B.C. Thermopylae, Greece. The greek army at Thermopylae was composed not only by spartans: there was thespians, corinthians, arcandians, thebans and many others groups of soldiers. The Thespians held Eros above all other gods, likely because he had no parents. Since 1997, a monument for the Thespians stands next that of Leonidas at Thermopylae. With such recognized bravery and sacrifice, Herodotus makes no mention of a monument for the Thespians at Thermopylae. The Greeks died at the battle of Thermopylae. Although there were 300 Spartans present at the defense of Thermopylae, there were at least 4,000 allies involved on the first two days and 1,500 men involved in the fatal last stand.Still a tiny figure compared to the forces against them—there is evidence that the vast Persian army has been vastly exaggerated—but more than the legend, which forgets some contributors. Unveiled in 1997, it depicts Eros, the oldest of the gods. Thespians' monument. Herodotus describes the Spartans and Thespians proving their bravery that day, calling out Dithyrambos by name as one Thespian “who earned the highest distinction” (7.227). Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. This band of warriors were led by Demophilus, the son of Diadromes. All rights reserved. Apostolos, you bring up a great point. Why, then, their praise For going forward should be less than others. They were brave, not stupid. The monument is made of marble and features a bronze statue depicting god Eros, who was worshiped in ancient Thespiae. Thank you. For the Thespians, Thermopylae was devastating to their city-state Thespiae where 700 hoplites represented at least one-third of the fighting-age male population.1. The Greek army, which was made up of Spartans, Thebans, Thespians, and soldiers from several other Greek city-states, totaled around 7,000; The Battle of Thermopylae was one of many battles fought between the Greeks and the Persians during the Greco-Persian Wars, which took place between c. 499 BCE and c. 450 BCE. military king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. So the 700 may have been only some portion of the males of fighting age in Thespiae. Leonidas at Thermopylae' (1814). The paradox in the monument of Leonidas in Thermopylae . This website is dedicated to King Leonidas, the 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians and other Greek warriors who fought to the death during the Battle of Thermopylae (Hot Gates) in August, 480 B.C. 231 The "Final Problem" at Thermopylae J. during the Persian Wars. Which translates roughly to “In Memory of the 700 Thespians.”. They were ordered by King Leonidas to withdraw along with the remaining Greek warriors before their position at Thermopylae was surrounded. The honours that the people give always. Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. Great post about a rarely mentioned detail of the battle of Thermopylae. Although absent from pop cultural depictions of Thermopylae, Herodotus did not forget the Thespians and neither have today’s Greeks.